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Publishing a Scientific Article in JIDC

Hi everyone!  This post comes from JIDC’s Technical Editor Nikki Kelvin and focuses on Academic Scientific Writing and Scientific Writing for publishing your research in JIDC.  Originally written for Open Access Week, this post is a great guide to Scientific Writing!   Please leave any questions on publishing that you would like answered.


Publishing a Scientific Article in JIDC: How does the editing process work, and what can I do to expedite the process?

How do I publish a scientific paper?

This question is asked by all young scientists. For those living and working in developing countries the question is at times frightening, but at JIDC we see many young scientists eagerly launch into the task.

It is well-known that scientists from developing countries face barriers that are not problematic for scientists in developed countries in getting their research published. As noted on the JIDC web site, these barriers may include issues such as lack of interest by some international journals in regional problems, the inexperience of authors from developing nations in presenting their research in international forums, and language barriers.

Previous posts have discussed the philosophy behind JIDC’s mentoring system and how it helps our authors not only improve their experimental design and analysis and presentation of data, but how to discuss the results within the boundaries of reasonable argument and make them interesting to a wider audience in addition to their national colleagues. Here we would like to talk about how JIDC’s technical and scientific editors contribute to the mentoring system. We will also present some tips on what authors can do to ensure that the editorial process moves efficiently.

Language is one of the greatest barriers faced by scientists from developing countries whose first language is not English.  Many editors will immediately reject papers if the English is poor even though the articles may have scientific merit. At JIDC, we believe that the dissemination of scientific studies should not be impeded by language barriers; therefore, after articles have been reviewed and accepted for publication by a section editor, they are submitted to a double-editing process.

After being accepted for publication, articles are first sent to a technical editor for language editing. The editor will look for errors in sentence structure, subject-verb agreement, diction (i.e., correct choice and use of words), and punctuation and make the appropriate revisions. Occasionally, an author’s meaning will not be clear to the editor. In such cases, the editors will revise the sentence as they believe it should be written (and add a comment asking the author to verify the change) or ask the author to rewrite the sentence to make it clearer.

The technical editor also ensures that JIDC style is followed by checking that titles and abstracts do not exceed the required maximum length, that appropriate key words are present, and that abstracts and body text contain the appropriate section headings. Finally, the technical editors check that the references are set according to JIDC style.

When the technical editing has been completed, the article is sent to a scientific editor. Although this double-editing process takes time, it is an essential step to ensure that the scientific meaning was not altered in any way during the technical editing process. The scientific editor also checks the paper for scientific accuracy, ensures that terms are correctly italicized, checks that tables and figures match the text, and verifies equations and formulae.

While all the technical and scientific editors at JIDC take pride in helping our authors produce the best papers possible for publication, the process moves along more quickly and efficiently for articles that need few revisions. If possible, ask a colleague or friend who has good English skills to edit your paper for you before you submit it.

Here are some other tips to help move your article through the editorial process efficiently.

1. Write clearly and simply. This means that you should

  • write short sentences and use simple words
    • avoid using unnecessarily long sentences
    • avoid using uncommon words (for example, more people would understand the word “confuse” than “obfuscate” so “confuse” is a better word choice)
    • use fewer words (for example, “conducted” or “performed” are better choices than “carried out”,  and “per” and “whether” are less wordy than “as per” or “whether or not”)
    • use the spelling checker on your computer,
      • be aware that spelling checkers may not identify words that are incorrectly used even when they are spelled correctly
      • for example, a spelling checker will not alert you when you have written “might” when you mean “mite” or “for” when you mean “four” or “fore”

2. Review the following check list to ensure that your article follows the guidelines for authors as shown on the JIDC web site:

  • Both the title and the running title are the correct length
  • The abstract is the correct length and it contains the appropriate sections
    • It can take a long time for an editor to shorten a 390 word abstract to 250 words, and you may disagree with the editor on which information should be eliminated, so it is better to ensure that the abstract adheres to the requirements before it is submitted
    • The article text contains all the appropriate sections
    • The article mentions all tables and figures in the text, and that the number of tables and figures mentioned matches the number of tables and figures submitted with the publication
      • The editing process is slowed down considerably when the editors have to double-check whether an article should have four or five tables because the article mentions only four tables but five have been uploaded to the JIDC site
      • The tables and figures are submitted and formatted as instructed on the JIDC web site
        • The publication of many papers has been delayed because the figures and tables do not adhere to the proper specifications
        • The references are in numerical order and set in square brackets (e.g., [1] ) in the text
        • The reference list at the end of the article follows JIDC style as shown on the web site, paying attention to punctuation and spacing as well as the accuracy of the authors’ names, dates, and page numbers

While at JIDC we do all that we can to mentor our authors and help them produce the best papers possible, we must work with the raw material that is sent to us.  It is the responsibility of all authors to ensure that they send us their best work. Working together, we can have a positive and successful publishing experience.

Nikki Kelvin

Nikki in her OA T!


JIDC Technical Editor


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Happy Halloween from JIDC Canada and Happy Birthday!

Happy Halloween from JIDC Canada and Happy Birthday to number 7 Billion!

I wanted to put up this post on Monday but I just ran out of time.

Happy Halloween!

Monday was Halloween here in Canada for those who celebrate this costume and candy holiday.  My kids were super excited to be Cinderella and The Princess and the Frog as they Trick-or-Treated in the streets of Toronto.

From a scientist and two princesses, we wanted to say Happy Halloween!

Happy Birthday!

I just love BABIES!  So we also wanted to say HAPPY BIRTHDAY to number 7 Billion born on October 31st 2011, we wish you a life time of happiness and love.  May you do great things… Happy Birthday Baby and Welcome to the World!

As we know that 7 Billion came on October 31st 2011, have you ever wonder what number are you?  I found a website put up by BBC where you can calculate the number you are according to your birthday.  Calculate your Human Number here.

  I am the 79,023,265,652 person to have lived since history began.  I thought this was very interesting and wanted to share.  What’s your number?????

Thats me!


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The Birth of JIDC…A new kind of Journal

In the beginning . . . there was . . . an Idea . . . JIDC

There is an old saying that “Success has a thousand mothers and failure has none”. JIDC, I am proud to say, has thousands of mothers, fathers, sons and daughters. Truly, thousands. The success is of JIDC is the fruit of the dedication and hard work of editors, mentors, proofreaders, page setters, reviewers, web designers, web wizards, translators,  and of course the authors who contribute their precious work to JIDC.

Interestingly, I am frequently asked how JIDC began. In a way it began overlooking a mountain in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, in May of 2006. A great number of my associates were attending a meeting—the first International Meeting of Infectious Disease in Central Asia, in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. We had many intense discussions on the problems facing scientists from developing countries attempting to publish in predominantly western journals and from these discussions evolved the unorthodox idea of a journal that was dedicated to scientists and infectious disease in developing countries.

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan AdvanTours Photo

Many of us had long recognized that scientists and infectious disease science from developing countries were dramatically underrepresented in journals published in western countries. The underlying  science from infectious disease clinicians and scientists, we believed, was of a high calibre, but often the writing and presentation within manuscripts were not.  The solution, we summarized, in the majestic scenery of Bishkek, was to provide assistance in the writing and presentation of data for scientists’ draft JIDC manuscripts.  We thus added to JIDC a mentor system to guide and aid authors from developing countries with both writing skills and manuscript organization.

But alas, finances presented the greatest hurdle for scientists to publish and for the JIDC to function. Many journals require a payment of sorts to be made for accepted manuscripts to be published. The average going rate of $3,000 USD in western journals is manageable by western scientists, but the amount is simply out of the reach for many scientists and clinicians in developing countries. In fact, this may represent nearly one half a year’s wages in some developing countries. The JIDC, we declared, must be free of fees for those who cannot afford them. JIDC today is open access, free to submit, and the publication fee is waived for those who cannot afford the modest fee of 200 euros. The financial burden of maintaining JIDC is shouldered by volunteers of JIDC and grants from foundations and organizations such as the Foundation of Bank of Sardinia, Sardegna Ricerche, the University of Sassari, Shantou University Medical College, the Li Ka Shing Foundation, and the University Health Network in Toronto, Canada. Our heartfelt gratitude goes out to these people and organizations.

Through the months and years that followed the Bishkek meeting, JIDC was able to attract the dedicated team that now manages submitted manuscripts, reviews manuscripts, edits manuscripts, and publishes papers. The success of JIDC is the success of the many people who have joined in this exciting and rewarding journey! As we look forward to our fifth an

niversary in 2012, the future is in our hands and it is a glorious sunrise.

Salvatore Rubino, Editor in Chief humble servant…..

JIDC Website:

JIDC Editorial Meeting 2011 in Stintino, Sardinia


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WE ARE JIDC, The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries – An OA Journal with a Mentoring System!

WE ARE JIDC, The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries – Pleased to meet you!

We are JIDC, the Journal of Infection in Developing Countries.  We are an Open Access Journal and proud to be Open Access and participating in International Open Access Week.  Our non-for-profit journal publishes peer-reviewed papers focusing on medical and biomedical research studies that affect health and medicine in lower-income countries.  Research manuscripts can be in the form of research articles, case reports, and review articles.  Importantly, JIDC has developed a Unique Mentoring System to facilitate the publication of scientific articles in need of guidance in English editing and/or scientific direction.  Since all scientific research merits publication, it is JIDC’s mission to help develop scientific and medical studies into scientifically sound research articles by use of the mentoring system.  As scientific studies from all areas of the globe are published through JIDC we hope that JIDC becomes an intersection point of international science.  JIDC strives to be an international platform for the scientific interaction between the developed and developing worlds.

For more information on JIDC, please see the JIDC Journal Website!  Or more information can be found in our JIDC downloadable PDF document About JIDC.

Open Access and JIDC

Open Access!  We provide immediate open access of accepted papers on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.  As an Open Access journal, JIDC provides all published articles freely available from our journal website.  The articles published in JIDC are  online from our journal website in PDF form that can then be downloaded for reading and sharing and referencing in future work.  The object of research is to increase knowledge of a particular subject. To conduct research but not to share the results, therefore, is to defeat its purpose.  The objective of JIDC is to allow researchers in all countries access to a high-quality international journal, not just to read, but more importantly, in which to publish research for others to read.

An International Journal!

As an international journal, publications are encouraged from laboratories from both developed and developing countries.  JIDC welcomes manuscripts from any country but particularly strives to provide all infectious disease researchers from developing countries with an international forum for publishing their research findings.  And together with our JIDC Blog it is also our hope that JIDC can be a platform for smaller research groups in developing countries to raise their profile and/or introduce them and their expertise to the research community. 

Who Are We?

JIDC was founded by Professor Salvatore Rubino of the University of Sassari in Sassari, Sardinia, Italy.  Professor Salvatore Rubino is an internationally renowned researcher in the field of Salmonella enteric and professor in the Department of Biomedical Sciences. 

We are an incredibly large group of co-operative scientists and clinicians that work together for the common goal that all research merits publication.  Under the direction of Salvatore Rubino there are 15 senior editors who are located across the globe:  Saudi Arabia, United States, Korea, Vietnam, Turkey, Bahrain, Zimbabwe, Hong Kong, China and the Netherlands.  Please see the regional offices for more information on your local JIDC branch.

In addition, there are 15 Editors, 11 Associate Editors, 1 Technical Editor, 9 Scientific Editors, 8 members of the Linguistics Division and an Extensive Editorial Board. 

Of course JIDC could not run without a webmaster, Marco Scano, who organizes the online technical aspects our monthly publication.  And creative designs including Journal Art Covers are done by Jeff Coombs.

More information on the Editorial Team of JIDC can be found here.

More about the Mentoring System

Mentoring is a necessary part of teaching and learning in the sciences and scientific research.  Most of us begin with an attempt to write our first paper, which is corrected by our supervisor and so the process begins.  We are all mentored, to a greater or lesser extent, in the art of getting papers accepted for publication.

Open Access Week Posts to come include an indepth look into the JIDC Mentoring System and the Importance of Open Access.


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The Grandest Challenge: The Book Launch

On Tuesday, September 13th, I received a book in the mail.  Not just any book, but a book that I believe will set the tone for a new area of science and health care.  I was honoured to be chosen to receive the book The Grandest Challenge1 written by Dr. Abdallah S. Daar and Dr. Peter A. Singer

The tag-line Taking Life-Saving Science from Lab to Village beautifully encompasses the purpose of the book which details the journey of Abdallah and Peter as they combine their enthusiasm for basic science with passion for equal health care world-wide.  Both men are currently professors at the University of Toronto and hold numerous other titles and prizes, including advising the WHO, UN and the Bill & Melinda Gates foundation1.

Peter A. Singer Image from

Notably one of the most exciting initiatives which Abdallah and Peter are part of is the internationally recognized Grand Challenges Canada.  The mission of the Grand Challenges is to identify critical barriers disabling progress in the world’s lowest economic countries and thereby propose and implement solutions to aid development. 

 From the publication Grand Challenges Canada2, a Grand Challenge is defined:

A “Grand Challenge in global health” has been defined as: “A specific scientific or technological innovation that would remove a critical barrier to solving an important health problem in the developing world with a high likelihood of global impact and feasibility”3

Or, put more simply:

“A specific critical barrier that if removed would help to solve an important health problem”4

In the 2008, the Government of Canada announced the creation of the Development Innovation Fund (DIF), which has the mandate to

Support the best minds in the world as they search for breakthroughs in global health and other areas that have the potential to bring about enduring changes in the lives of the millions of people in poor countries (Grand Challenges Canada publication 2

Abdallah S. Daar Image from

The concept of Grand Challenges has been published in numerous scientific journals including Science (Varmus et al., Science 2003) and Nature (Daar et al., Nature 2007) 3, 4.

This past Wednesday was the launch of The Grandest Challenge1 for which I was in attendance.  I was privileged to meet both Abdallah and Peter as they introduced their book to an absorbed audience.  The doctors humbly thanked their teams as well as their families.  It is obvious to me that their dedication to global healthcare stems from their absolute love for their families. 

A book discussion was conducted on Thursday and unfortunately I was unable to attend.  Fortunately, Stephane Paquette, a student from my lab, was able to go.  Look for his post coming soon summarizing the discussions of The Grandest Challenge with Abdallah and Peter.  Stephane has excellent analytical and writing skills and I am looking forward to reading his post.

At the moment, I am partially through the book.  Once I have finished I will post a summary and review of The Grandest Challenge1.  What I have read has been a fascinating mix of basic science, descriptions of global challenges and personal stories – a very humanized reflection of scientific advances in the 2000s.          

The Grandest Challenge can be purchased from Random House Canada here.  For more information on the book or Grand Challenges Canada, you can go to The Grandest Challenge Facebook page or the Grand Challenges website or the Grand Challenges Facebook page





Reference List


        1.            Singer,P.A. & Daar,A.S. The Grandest Challenge: taking life-saving science from lab to village (Doubleday Canada, Random House of Canada Ltd.,2011).

        2.            Singer,P.A., Daar,A.S., & Brook D. Grand Challenges Canada.  2011.

Ref Type: Online Source

        3.            Varmus,H. et al. Public health. Grand Challenges in Global Health. Science 302, 398-399 (2003).

        4.            Daar,A.S. et al. Grand challenges in chronic non-communicable diseases. Nature 450, 494-496 (2007).

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Open Access Week Members and Open Access T-shirts!

A couple of weeks ago, I posted on the JIDC Blog that JIDC has joined Open Access week (OA week).   We have a group page on the OA week website and hope that JIDC members and non-members will join us in OA week and our OA week group.

As participants of OA week, JIDC members have received OA week T-shirts!  I love these T-shirts.  And to share the excitement with JIDC OA group members, we are giving away OA week T-shirts as well as T-shirts for JIDC!  The JIDC T-shirts will be revealed soon!  For now you can see the design for the OA week T-shirt at the left.

JIDC OA group members will be randomly chosen the first week of October 2011 to receive free OA and JIDC T-shirts.   The winners will be announced Friday October 7th!  The number of shirts to be given away will depend on the number of members in the group.  More members, more T-shirts!    

To become a member of the OA week JIDC group:

  1. Go to the Open Access week website
  2. Sign Up for Open Access week
  3. Go to Groups
  4. Find the JIDC group page
  5. Click on Join Open Access JIDC

Being a part of OA week is important to JIDC, as we are an Open Access journal.  We are proud to have Open Access status and agree with the philosophy of Free Knowledge.  I especially like the quote on the OA week T-shirt, “Everybody’s knowledge, nobody’s property”.

In my Open Access Week T-shirt

Here you can see me wearing my OA T-shirt.  In the near future, I will also be posting other JIDC Editors and JIDC members wearing their T-shirts.  You can purchase an OA T-shirt from the Zazzle online store here.  And if you have a picture of yourself in an Open Access T-shirt, we would love to see it! 

Also, if you are interested in the JIDC T-shirts or have ideas you would like to see on the JIDC Ts, please contact me at or Jeff Coombs at  Jeff is the graphic artist for JIDC and designs the cover art for the monthly issues.

To read more on our interest in Open Access and Open Access week, please see our previous JIDC OA Blog post.  As well, Donna Okubo from PLoS (Public Library of Science) and SPARC (The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) has been incredibly helpful with the organization of JIDC in OA week.  In fact I would call her the SPARC in our OA work….hehe. 

If you have questions about OA week for Donna she would be happy to help.  Her email is  I can’t thank her enough! Thanks Donna!

 Also, if you have ideas for JIDC events during OA week, I would like to hear them.  So far, our planned events include the topics: The JIDC Mentoring Program, Scientific Writing, and the Importance of Open Access Publishing.  Let me know what you think.



Filed under JIDC News, Open Access, Open Access Week, Science Tools, Uncategorized

Derek: Infection and Immunity Summer Training Course in China


I am happy to present this incredibly thoughtful Postcard from Derek Ng.  Derek is from Toronto, Canada and participated in the Summer Training Course in China in 2009 focusing on Infectious Diseases.  Derek’s reflection is a striking example of how education is imperative in and out of the classroom.  I am inspired by Derek’s story and recommend international training as an essential component of science and health care instruction.  Derek is incredibly studious but he is always conscious to add heart and thoughtfulness to his work as well as daily life.  He is now a second year medical student at the University of Western Ontario.  Further questions for Derek, he is happy to help: cng2014(at)meds(dot)uwo(dot)ca.  If you have any questions or are interested in the Summer Training Courses please contact me, akelvin(at)jidc(dot)org. 


Hi there!

University of Western Ontario

My name is Derek Ng and I am currently starting my second year of medicine at the University of Western Ontario in Canada. I would like to share my international research experience that has left a positive impression on my young scientific/medical career.

Two years ago, I was a fourth year undergraduate student at McMaster University, in Hamilton, Canada, majoring in Biology. I was specifically very fond of infection and immunology, so I had focused on courses related to these topics. I selected my fourth year thesis in a mucosal immunology lab, working on a project aimed at characterizing immune homeostatic responses upon colonization of germ-free mice. The experience helped me refine both my skills and knowledge, as well as solidify my interest in immunology.

Summer Training Course in Infectious Diseases

I had a good friend who knew about my passion towards infectious diseases and she informed me about a training opportunity in Shantou, China, entitled a Summer Training Course in China Focusing on Infectious Diseases. The training course was coordinated by


Dr. David J. Kelvin of the University of Toronto. Furthermore the course is a joint collaboration between the University of Toronto, Shantou University, The University of Sassari, and Hong Kong University.  The course was open to all students of any country and university and provided financial stipends and travel support. 

I was so excited when I saw the advertisement that I prepared and submitted my application immediately without hesitation. Following a Skype interview and later confirmation of acceptance, I was well on my way to travelling to the other side of the world.

I never travelled very much before

Shantou, China Map from

and consequently the idea of pursuing research abroad – least of all in China – never occurred to me as a potential direction in which I could steer my career.

My first destination was Hong Kong, which was where I would meet the other students for our bus ride toShantou. I scheduled my flight early because this place was special to me (Hong Kong was my birth place). It was my second time meeting my relatives and it turned out to be a very pleasant time for me. Living there shortly was an easy transition since English is commonly used and I am able to speak Cantonese as well. Despite the fun with my family, I was very eager to meet the rest of the students and make the trip into the mainland. I had never visited China before and I really did not know what to expect apart from things I had heard from my family and read on the internet.


Upon our departure from Hong Kong, I was greeted by Dr. David Kelvin (our fearless leader, professor, mentor and program coordinator) as well as the other students.  Dr. D. Kelvin is a scientist at the University Health Network, Toronto Ontario, The International Institute of Infection and Immunity in Shantou, China and a Professor at the University of Sassari, Italy.  His research mostly focuses on the immune response to influenza infection.

Institute of Infection and Immunity

This was my first time meeting the students and David, although we had previously communicated a bit over the internet. There were only ten of us, but we brought with us a very diverse background of experience. Collectively our previous knowledge spanned across biochemistry, biology, engineering science, health science, immunology, medicine and microbiology. We were a very well-balanced group and bonded quickly. One interesting anecdote I have here is that we were traveling in the midst of the 2009 H1N1 influenza outbreak.  When we were crossing the border fromHong Kong into China, our bus was boarded by officials with temperature sensors. We had all passed the initial screen, but when we entered the checkpoint building we had our temperatures taken again. Some of my colleagues were separated for even further screening (this time it was an axillary temperature). When we emerged from the other side of the border, there were only nine of us. One of the students was taken from us for an overnight quarantine at the hospital (he was fine and would meet up with us the next morning). This experience had undoubtedly set the tone for the course.

Chaozhou Group

Shortly after reaching Shantou, it had sunk in that I was definitely not in Toronto anymore. I was in a beautiful place surrounded by lush green mountains with a river running out towards the open ocean. I was surrounded by throngs of motorcycles, cars, people and a way of life that, although seemed foreign to me, was normal for the citizens. Also, the main language spoken here was Mandarin although a local Chaozhou dialect was in use as well. The language barrier made my stay more interesting because I was often trying to communicate with people by figuring out the Mandarin equivalent of words that I already knew in Cantonese.

We stayed at the international student residences at ShantouUniversity, the campus of which was quite stunning and picturesque. We were introduced to the staff and scientists that worked at the International Institute of Infection and Immunology, located at a separate medical campus in the city. As stated by the Institute:  The mission of the institute is to increase our understanding of human infectious diseases through the use of genomics, proteomics and molecular epidemiology. Frieda Law, the representative of the Li Ka Shing Foundation at Shantou, gave us a tour of the medical building, explained some of the history of the medical school and what the facilities had to offer. She also introduced to us the philanthropist activities of Li Ka Shing, which ranged from rural health projects to even funding activities such as our trip. The staff working there were a group of exceptional people and well-versed in their knowledge and ability to teach. Everyone involved was friendly and very accommodating to us during our time in Shantou.

We were given daily lectures on various topics infectious diseases in the mornings such as . Professors included David Kelvin, Michael Ratcliffe, Salvatore Rubino, Piero Cappuccinelli, Giacamo Spissu, Honglin Chen, Jiang Gu,  Guan Yi, Liqun Jin, Yong Xiao, Krystal Lee, Alberto Joseph Leon, Amber Farooqui.  In the afternoons we would learn how to apply our knowledge in a lab setting.  We were assigned various tasks to complete during our one-month excursion. For example, we were taken to see traditional Chinese medical doctors and collect herbs known to be prescribed for flu-like symptoms. Each student was then

Mackenzie Howatt and I in our shantou university medical college lab coats

assigned an herb to investigate in terms of its properties, usage, and extraction of active ingredients. Following lectures on influenza, we were given the opportunity to grade histological slides as well as grow virus in chicken eggs. I personally enjoyed the way we learned because the design of the course created a very interactive learning experience that helped solidify concepts.

There is undoubtedly a difference between knowledge acquired in a classroom and that gained from real experiences. For a student to sit in the comfort of a lecture hall and learn about how pandemic influenza and recombination occur is undoubtedly important. However, what complements this textbook knowledge is to be in a place where you can see these concepts in action. For example, Dr. D. Kelvin specifically wanted us to see Shantou’s live poultry markets, in which ducks, geese and other birds were kept together in close proximity to each other and people. Upon further inquiry, we were told that unsold birds were brought back to a common, large farm at the end of the day. This helped me appreciate the complexity for public health officials or scientists in assessing the origins and spread of an infectious outbreak.

There are many things that come to my mind when I think about what I learned inShantou. For one, it reinforces the idea that science is not only being conducted in developed countries. I also better understand part of the rationale behind open access scientific journals in helping to provide fair access to information for scientists in resource-limited situations. By promoting science in places like this, it helps to secure the future of scientific progress on a global stage where the vast majority of today’s youth is situated. On

an example of a poultry market where different breeds of birds are housed together for sale

a personal level, I had gone to China without any international experience and came back to Canada as a more passionate individual towards issues in global health. We had met scientists from around the world and even officials such as the former President of Sardinia, Mr. Giacomo Spissu. Our conversations on health policy allowed me to gain a better understanding of how an outbreak is dealt with on the government level. By the end of the course, I could associate all the levels of collaboration during an outbreak in terms of basic scientific research, epidemiology, health policy, economics and even the psychosocial or cultural aspects.

I hope this offers you a sufficient glimpse into my one month spent in paradise. There is so much more I could say about this experience, because it opened my eyes to the world and changed my life for the better. I would like to express my deepest appreciation to Dr. D. Kelvin, his staff, colleagues and friends for making this all possible by organizing and participating in such an incredible course.

JoAnne, Mackenzie, myself, volunteers from HKU *hong knog university* and STU *shantou university*, and children from a rural area in China


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Filed under Infectious Disease, Influenza, Open Access, Uncategorized